US Army Reveal FED Bravo Hybrid Vehicle – Weight Optimized and Fuel Efficient

10th May 2012

Design News reports that the US Army has unveiled a new model of its FED vehicle concept. The Fuel Efficient Demonstrator (FED) Bravo is pitched as a possible replacement for the Humvee military vehicle. The FED has all the armor and off road performance of the Humvee but achieves twice the fuel efficiency thanks to a lightweight design, efficient diesel/electric motor and stop, start technology.

Now, a next-generation of the diesel-electric hybrid FED is being shown, this time called the Bravo (second-generation) with all of the power and capabilities of the earlier version, but with one important addition: power export capabilities to allow soldiers to plug in their external devices such as communications, tools, as well as to allow the vehicle to act as a small generator/power plant for other applications.



The FED is a full hybrid weighing in at 16,700 pounds (7575 kg) and is powered by a 4.4-liter, 8-cylinder diesel engine from Ford coupled to a six-speed automatic transmission to the rear axle. On the front axle is an electric motor powering the front wheels and acting as a regenerative brake to slow and stop the Bravo and recharge the on-board lithium-ion battery pack.

The vehicle has automatic start-stop for idle efficiency, shutting down the engine when the batteries are charged and keeping most systems operational through them. The engine will automatically restart to recharge the batteries when in generator mode and under normal operating conditions. The vehicle is capable of going all-electric for short distances at lower speeds (about 5 miles) on batteries alone.

More efficiency was gained by combining the hydraulics for the braking and steering to reduce parasitic loss and its brakes are carbon-ceramic rather than steel, reducing weight without losing braking power. Further weight reduction has been achieved by minimizing the amount of glass used as it is commonly heavier than armor. There is no rear windscreen on the FED and the side windows are kept small.

Compared to the traditional diesel engine Humvee, which gets about 3-6 miles per gallon on the highway, the FED Bravo gets 8.2mpg in the city and 14.2 on the highway. The Army did not release off-road MPG.

The FED system is a project of the Army’s Tank Automotive Research Development and Engineering Center (TARDEC) in Warren, Michigan and receives design input from students at the Center for Creative Studies in Detroit. This is not the only hybrid vehicle under development at TARDEC. Others, including the special operations Clandestine Extended-Range Vehicle (CERV), also a diesel-electric hybrid, is a sort of military dune buggy on steroids.

Getting fuel to and from battlefields and between way points in a war zone is dangerous and is often one of the weak links holding today’s mobile forces back. By increasing efficiency and moving to alternative options, the Army (which does most of those logistics on the ground) is working to lessen or even eliminate that weak logistical point.

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